Polish culture Part 1

Fischer 420-427 (A and B) | Michel 455-462 (B and A) | Scott 396-403 | Year of issue 1947 | Communist Poland

420 A
421 A
422 A
Jan Matejko,
Jacek Malczewski
and Józef Chełmoński
Adam Chmielowski
(painting by
Leon Wyczółkowski)
Fryderyk Chopin
(painting by
Ary Scheffer)

423 A
424 A
425 A
Wojciech Bogusławski,
Helena Modrzejewska
and Stefan Jaracz
Aleksander Świętochowski,
Stefan Żeromski
and Bolesław Prus
Maria Skłodowska-Curie

426 A
427 A
Stanisław Wyspiański,
Juliusz Słowacki
and Jan Kasprowicz
Adam Mickiewicz
(drawing by Leopold Horowitz)

Imperforate issue

 
 

420 B
421 B
422 B
Jan Matejko,
Jacek Malczewski
and Józef Chełmoński
Adam Chmielowski
(painting by
Leon Wyczółkowski)
Fryderyk Chopin
(painting by
Ary Scheffer)

423 B
424 B
425 B
Wojciech Bogusławski,
Helena Modrzejewska
and Stefan Jaracz
Aleksander Świętochowski,
Stefan Żeromski
and Bolesław Prus
Maria Skłodowska-Curie

426 B
427 B
Stanisław Wyspiański,
Juliusz Słowacki
and Jan Kasprowicz
Adam Mickiewicz
(drawing by Leopold Horowitz)

Perforate issue

Glossary

Jan Matejko (1838-1893) was a patriotic fin-de-siècle painter who spent most of his life in Kraków.
Jacek Malczewski (1854-1929) Polish painter who produced a peculiarly Polish blend of Romantic nationalism and dreamlike symbolism.
Józef Chełmoński (1849-1914) Polish painter.
Adam Chmielowski (Brat Albert) (1846-1916) canonized in 1989, painter, monk, organizor of meetings for Albertine brothers and sisters, participator in the January Uprising. Adam Chmielowski is displayed here as Leon Wyczółkowski's painting "Portrait of Brother Albert with a child".
Leon Wyczółkowski (1852-1936) Polish painter.
Fryderyk Chopin (1810-1849) Polish piano player and romantic era composer.
Ary Scheffer (1795-1858) German painter who lived in France.
Wojciech Bogusławski (1757-1829) Polish actor.
Helena Modrzejewska, also spelt Modjeska. Her real name was Helena Opid. She was a Polish-American actress whose repertory included 260 Shakespearean and contemporary roles, some in both Polish and English.
Stefan Jaracz (1883-1945) Polish actor.
Aleksander Świętochowski (1849-1938) Polish writer.
Stefan Żeromski (1864-1925) Polish writer. Family tragedies and emotional troubles contributed to the pessimistic strain evident in his revolutionary idealism. Among his novels are The Homeless People (1900), which won a national prize, Ashes (1904, tr. 1928), which dealt with cynicism and brutality in the Napoleonic era and Faithful River (1912, tr. 1943). Most of his works are intensely nationalistic. Much of Żeromski's life was spent in exile.
Bolesław Prus (1847-1912) Polish writer. His real name is Aleksander Głowacki.
Maria Skłodowska-Curie (1867-1934) Polish chemist and physician, generally known as Madamme Curie. Born in Warsaw, the French physician died of leukemia after working with radioactivity for about 40 years. In Warsaw, she worked as a governess to save money to be able to study in Paris. She and her husband Pierre Curie won the Nobelprize for physics in 1903 with Antoine Becquerel for their research for magnetism and radioactivity. After Pierre's death, she won the Nobelprize for chemistry in 1911 for isolating pure radium. She developped X-ray photography during World War I and from 1918 until her death in 1934, she was the manager of the Radium Institute in Paris.
Stanisław Wyspiański (1869-1907) was an extraordinarily multi-faceted talent - playwright, poet, painter, sculptor, architect and designer. Wyspiański displayed genius in whatever he did but his greatest contribution was in writing and producing extremely original plays dealing with the problem of Poland's destiny.
Juliusz Słowacki (1809-1849) Polish poet.
Jan Kasprowicz (1860-1926) Polish poet. His writings progressed from social revolt (e.g., From a Peasant's Field, 1891) to poems of spiritual struggle and philosophical intensity. Among his later works are To a Dying World (1902), Ballad of the Sunflower (1908) and The Book of the Poor (1916). Highly regarded by his contemporaries, Kasprowicz was also renowned for his translations of English, French, German and Italian classics.
Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1855) Polish poet.
Leopold Horowitz (1838-1917) Hungarian (Slovakia-born) painter.

Relevant pages

Find other Polish stamps depicting Adam Mickiewicz

This series appears in different colours in Fischer 429-436.
Again in different colours, the Polish culture stamps are included in Sheet 10.
Leon Wyczółkowski's painting "Portrait of Brother Albert with a child" on Fischer 421 (and Fischer 430) is also used for the Winter Aid of 1947 issue Fischer 443.
Find other Polish stamps depicting Fryderyk Chopin
Adam Chmielowski is also depicted on Fischer 430, Fischer 443, Fischer Sheet 10 and Fischer 3169.

Resources

Jan Matejko
Józef Chełmoński
Adam Chmielowski (Brother Albert) (www.catholic-forum.com)
Leon Wyczółkowski
Fryderyk Chopin
Fryderyk Chopin (www.chopin.org)
Wojciech Bogusławski (www.teatry.art.pl)
Ary Scheffer
Helena Modrzejewska
Stefan Jaracz
Stefan Żeromski
Bolesław Prus
Maria Sklodowska-Curie
Stanisław Wyspiański
Juliusz Słowacki
Jan Kasprowicz
Adam Mickiewicz

Culture.pl
Polish culture
List of Polish painters
Polish painters (artyzm.com)
Polish theater
List of Polish language authors (links)
List of Polish language poets (links)