People's Spring

Fischer 450-453 | Michel 497-500 | Scott 417, 430, 432 and 431, respectively | Year of issue 1948 | Communist Poland

100th anniversary of the People's Spring. The 1848 revolution was called The People's Spring or The Spring of Nations.

450
451
Farmer breaking a chain
Henryk Dembiński and Józef Bem

452
453
Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx
Stanisław Worcell, Piotr Ściegienny and Edward Dembowski

Glossary

Henryk Dembiński (1791-1864) Polish general.
Józef Bem (1794-1850) Polish-Hungarian freedom fighter. He was born in Tarnów in 1794, took part in the November uprising in 1830/1831 and in the Springtime of Nations in Austria and Hungary in 1848. He died of malaria in Aleppo (Syria) in 1850.
Stanislaw Worcell (1799-1857) Polish revolutionist, author, journalist.
Piotr Ściegienny (1801-90) organized a revolutionary conspiracy among peasants in the Lublin area against tsarist rule. He wrote a political tract in 1842, under the guise of a papal encyclical, which defended a Christian version of socialism. He was discovered and sentenced to a Siberian labour camp.
Edward Dembowski (1822-1846) Politician, philosopher, journalist, independence fighter, one of the leaders of the Kraków revolution of 1846.
Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) German socialist politician, one of the co-organizors and leaders of the First and Second Internationals.
An International, in this case, is a leftwing political workers association. The First International was founded in 1864 in London. The statutes (arranged mainly by Karl Marx) were approved in the first Geneva congress in 1866. After a period of decay, the association revived as the Second International which held congress every 2 or 3 years until World War I. In 1916, the communists separated and in March 1919 founded the Third International in Moscow.
Karl Marx (1818-1882) German philosopher, economist, journalist and politician. Contemporary socialism and communism originate from his socialist studies (Marxism).

Translations

Wiosna ludów = People's Spring.

Resources

Spring of Nations
Greater Poland Uprising 1848
Henryk Dembiński
Henryk Dembiński (www.ohiou.edu)
Józef Bem
Friedrich Engels
Karl Marx
Henryk Dembiński (www.ohiou.edu)
Józef Bem (www.ohiou.edu)
Edward Dembowski (www.ohiou.edu)
The Kraków Revolution of 1846 (www.ohiou.edu)

450 nz
(Fischer 450 imperforated)