Mikołaj Kopernik

Fischer 2043-2046 | Michel 2182-2185 | Scott 1915-1918 | Year of issue 1972 | People's Republic of Poland

500th anniversary of the birth of Mikołaj Kopernik (Copernicus).

2043
Mikołaj Kopernik
(drawing by Jacob van Meurs),
solar system
2044
Mikołaj Kopernik
(16th century painting of an unknown artist),
coin from Zygmunt I Stary for Prussia (1530)

2045
Mikołaj Kopernik
(copper engraving by Jeremias Falck),
coat of arms of Prussia
2046
Mikołaj Kopernik with lillies-of-the-valley
(wood cutting by Tobias Stimmer),
title page of the letters from Theophilact Simocatta

Glossary

Mikołaj Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus, 1473-1543), Polish astronomer who discovered that the sun, not the earth, is the center of our solar system.
Jacob van Meurs (1619-1680), Dutch copper engraver. The drawing on Fischer 2043 is taken from the book "Nicolai Copernici vita" from Pierre Gassendi (France, 1592-1655).
Jeremias Falck (1610-1677), Polish engraver.
Thomas Stimmer (1539-1584), Swiss painter.
First years after his return from Italy, Copernicus spent time at the court of bishop Lukasz Watzenrode in Lidzbark Warmiński. There, in his free time, he translated from ancient Greek into Latin "Moral, idyllic and love letters" by Theophylact Simocatta. This small work was published in Kraków in 1509 as "Theophilacti Scolastici Simocatti". It was taken to the capital and provided with a preface by Copernicus' friend Wawrzyniec Korwin. Copernicus dedicated the letters to his uncle Lukasz Watzenrode, expressing his gratitude to his career.

Relevant pages

Find other Polish stamps depicting Mikołaj Kopernik

Resources

Mikołaj Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus)
Pierre Gassendi
Solar system
Heliocentrism
Zygmunt I the Old (Zygmunt I Stary)
Prussia
Convallaria (lily of the valley)
Theophilacti Scolastici Simocatti