Masterpieces of Polish art

Fischer 2090-2097 | Michel 2237-2244 | Scott 1961-1968 | Year of issue 1973 | People's Republic of Poland

2090
Szczerbiec
crownsword of the Piast kings
(12th century)
2091
Madonna of Krużlowa
gothic wooden sculpture
(around 1410)
2092
Polish hussar
cavalry outfit
(17th century)

2093
The Silver Cock
of the Rifleman's Fraternity
(16th century)
2094
Renaissance head
wooden sculpture in Wawel castle,
Kraków (16th century)
2095
Piast eagle
on the prayerbook
from Anna Jagiełłońka

2096
The Virgin Mary
and a child enthroned
on lions (Skarbimierz)
2097
Portrait of
Stanisław Tenczyński,
a Polish nobleman (1634)

Glossary

Szczerbiec ("notched sword") is the name of the great coronation sword of the Polish kings. King Bolesław Chrobry (the Brave) attempted to unite the Poles, Czechs and Slovaks into one large state to meet the threat to the western Slavic tribes. The Czech and Slovak lands came only briefly under his rule, but Bolesław also warred in the east and managed to assist in installing a friendly ruler in Kievan Rus. It is said that, to attest to his victory, Bolesław notched the sword by repeatedly stricking his sword against the bars of the Golden Gate of Kiev in the year 1018.
Szczerbiec is the last surviving part of the Polish crown jewels - the crown and other items were lost during numerous wars in the past. It was probably made in the 12th century, possibly for prince Conrad of Masovia. Szczerbiec was used during coronations from the time of Władysław Łokietek to the time of the partitions (around 1792). After the first partition it was captured by the Prussians, who took it to Berlin in 1796. Later it was found in Russia and finally in 1928, Russia gave it back to Poland. During World War II it was deposited in Canada. It came back to Poland in 1959. The sword is currently on display in the Wawel Royal Castle Museum in Kraków.
The Madonna of Krużlowa is a 15th century gothic-style, carved and painted wooden sculpture.
Krużlowa is a village east of Nowy Sącz in southeast Poland.
A hussar is a Polish 17th century cavalryman.
The Silver Cock is the symbol of power held by the president of the Rifleman's Fraternity.
The Wawel heads are wooden carvings of human heads placed in a coffered ceiling with caissons in the Wawel Castle in Kraków.
The Piast eagle is a Polish coat of arms, used by Poland's royal Piast Dynasty.
The Virgin Mary and a child enthroned on lions is the name of a gothic wooden sculpture from around 1340 in Skarbimierz.
Skarbimierz is a village near Brzeg (between Wrocław and Opole) in southwest Poland.
Stanisław Tenczyński was a Polish nobleman.

Translations

Szczerbiec XII W(ieku) = The Notched Sword 12th century.
Madonna z Krużlowej XV W(ieku) = Holy Virgin of Krużlowa 15th century.
Zbroja Husarska XVII W(ieku) = Suit of armor of a Hussar 17th century.
Kur Bractwa Strzeleckiego XVI W(ieku) = Cock of the Rifleman's Fraternity 16th century.
Głowa Wawelska XVI W(ieku) = Wawel head 16th century.
Modlitewnik A(nny) Jagiełłońki XVI W(ieku) = The prayerbook of Anna Jagiełłońka 16th century.
Madonna ze Skarbimierza XIV W(ieku) = Holy Virgin of Skarbimierz 14th century.
Portret S(tanisława) Tenczyńskiego XVII W(ieku) = Portrait of Stanisław Tenczyński 17th century.
On Fischer 2097, the following is written: "Stanislaus comes in Tenczyn, Ioannis Palatini Crac(oviensis) Ultimi Virorum de Tenczyn Filius" which means: Stanislaus comes in Tenczyn, the son of Ioannis Palatini of Cracow the oldest/last/greatest of men from Tenczyn.

Relevant pages

Find other Polish stamps depicting the Polish eagle

Resources

Szczerbiec (the notched sword)
Madonna
Madonna of Krużlowa
Hussar
Polish cavalry
Image of the Silver Cock of the Rifleman's Fraternity (www.gron.com)
Renaissance
Wawel
Kraków
The Wawel Castle's Royal Chamber (www.krakow-info.com)
Piast eagle coat of arms
Piast dynasty
Coat of arms of Poland
Anna the Jagiellonian
The National Museum in Wrocław (www.mnwr.art.pl)
Image of Stanisław Tenczyński