Polish scientists

Fischer 2133-2140 | Michel 2281-2288 | Scott 2002-2009 | Year of issue 1973 | People's Republic of Poland

2133
Henryk Arctowski,
Adelie penguins
(Pygoscelis adeliae)
2134
Paweł Edmund Strzelecki,
kangaroo
2135
Benedykt Dybowski,
bear

2136
Stefan Szolc-Rogoziński,
schooner "Lucja Małgorzata"
2137
Bronisław Malinowski,
folk dance group
2138
Stefan Drzewiecki,
submarine

2139
Eduard Adolf Strasburger,
plants
2140
Ignacy Domeyko,
copper mine in Chile

Glossary

Stepan Karlovich Dzhevetsky (1843-1938), participant of Russo-Turkish war, awarded for bravery by the Cross of St. George, came to the conclusion that the most effective facility of fighting with the surface combat ships was an underwater boat. In 1877, a single-seated U-boat was constructed at the Odessa Blanchaire's plant according to Dzhevetsky's project and on his own means. It was the inventor himself who tested the U-boat during five months in 1878 in Odessa. Dzhevetsky almost perished during an accident. The second U-boat was constructed in 1879 at the Nevsky plant in St. Petersburg. After a spectacular demonstration of his underwater boat to Emperor Alexander III and Empress Maria Fedorovna on Silver lake in Gatchina, Dzhevetsky received the order for manufacturing 50 underwater boats of the third variant intended to defend seaside fortresses. In 1881, 50 U-boats were manufactured. One was left to Dzhevetsky for further improvement. Now this U-boat can be seen in the Central Naval Museum in St. Petersburg. Unfortunately, it is empty inside - no mechanism is preserved.

Relevant pages

Benedykt Dybowski is also depicted on Fischer 869.
Paweł Edmund Strzelecki is also depicted on Fischer 2942 and Fischer 3520.
Ignacy Domeyko is also depicted on Fischer 3832.

Resources

Scientist

Henryk Arctowski
Paweł Edmund Strzelecki
Aleut language (Benedykt Dybowski)
Bronisław Malinowski
Stefan Drzewiecki
Eduard Adolf Strasburger
Ignacy Domeyko

Adelie penguin
Kangaroo
Bear
Schooner
Submarine
Copper extraction