The Romanov eagle
|On early Russian stamps, the Romanov eagle was very common. The model for the first Polish stamp was of course that of the tsarist Russian stamps which were then in use. The denomination is 10 Kopecks. It was only valid in Russia and occupied Polish territory.|
The Russian two-faced Romanov eagle has been the Russian coat of arms since the 15th century. The eagle was the symbol of the Roman empire. After the division of the Roman empire, the eagle became the symbol of the Byzantine. All heirs, from islamic Albanians to east orthodox Russians took over the symbol. In Greece, the eagle is used as a symbol for the orthodox church.
The bird symbol of the crown of the Russian tsar stands for a wide vision and the unprecedented opportunities of the world's biggest state and its relation with the church.
This stamp was used in Poland until 1863, when the January Uprising broke out against the tsarist Russian oppression. After 1863, regular Russian stamps were used in Poland until World War I.
1s (blue edge added to the inner oval)
The first Polish stamp was cancelled in various ways, mostly with a number within concentric circles. The number identifies the mailing office where the stamp was cancelled. 345 mailing offices can be identified on mail used during the Russian occupation of Poland. The numbers 1-322, 324-327, 329-330 and 332 were used on Poland number one. The mailing offices with the numbers 323, 328, 331 and 333-345 were opened in 1865, which is after the January Uprising. They were used on Russian stamps issued in Poland after Poland number one.