Highlights of Polish history

Fischer 310-322 | Michel 331-343 | Scott 320-332 | Year of issue 1938 | Pre-war Poland

Twenty years Republic of Poland. Landmark moments in the history of Poland.

310
311
312
Bolesław Chrobry
(the Brave)
Kazimierz III Wielki
(the Great)
Jadwiga
and Władysław II Jagiełło
(see also Fischer 334)

313
314
315
Kazimierz IV
Jagiełłończyk
(the Jagiellonian)
Union of Lublin
(painting by Jan Matejko)
Stefan Batory

316
317
318
Stanisław Żółkiewski
and
Jan Karol Chodkiewicz
Jan III Sobieski
entering Vienna
The constitution
of 3 May 1791

319
320
321
Jan Henryk Dąbrowski,
Tadeusz Kościuszko and
Józef Poniatowski
November uprising
Romuald Traugutt
during the
January uprising


322
Józef Piłsudski

Glossary

King Bolesław Chrobry (967-1025), Boleslaus the Brave, founded the archbishopric of Gniezno.
King Kazimierz III Wielki (1310-1370), Casimir the Great.
Queen Jadwiga (1374-1399) and king Władysław II Jagiełło (1351-1434).
King Kazimierz IV Jagiełłończyk (1427-1492), Casimir the Jagiellonian.
King Zygmunt II August (1520-1572) introduced the Union of Lublin in 1569 in which Poland and Lithuania were united in a personal alliance.
King Stefan Batory (1533-1586) from Transylvania.
The commanders-in-chief Stanisław Żółkiewski (1547-1620) and Jan Karol Chodkiewicz (1560-1621).
King Jan III Sobieski (1629-1696) defeated the Turks in the Siege of Vienna in 1683.
The Constitution of 3 May 1791 was the world's second written constitution after that of the United States.
The three generals Jan Henryk Dąbrowski (1755-1818), Tadeusz Kościuszko (1746-1817) and Józef Poniatowski (1763-1813).
The November uprising of 1830-1831.
Freedom fighter Romuald Traugutt (1826-1864) during the January uprising of 1863.
Marshal Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935) was the military-political president of Poland. He was a key architect of the regaining of independence after World War I. He was the national leader in the late 1920s and 1930s.

Relevant pages

Find other Polish stamps depicting Jan III Sobieski.
Find other Polish stamps commemorating the Battle of Vienna.
Find other Polish stamps depicting Józef Piłsudski.
Find other Polish stamps depicting Tadeusz Kościuszko.
Find other Polish stamps commemorating the November Uprising.

Resources

Bolesław Chrobry
Gniezno
Kazimierz III Wielki
University of Kraków
Kraków
Jadwiga
Władysław II Jagiełło
Kazimierz IV Jagiełłończyk
Union of Lublin
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Jan Matejko
Stefan Batory
Transylvania
Stanisław Żółkiewski
Jan Karol Chodkiewicz
Jan Sobieski
Battle of Vienna
3 May 1791 Constitution of Poland
Jan Henryk Dąbrowski
Dąbrowski's Mazurka
Tadeusz Kościuszko
Józef Poniatowski
November Uprising
Romuald Traugutt
January Uprising
Józef Piłsudski
Second Republic of Poland
Gallery of Polish rulers


Pages from a 1938 karnet commemorating 20 years of Polish independence